As we move into an era of cashless initiatives and transfers, telegraphic transfers remain the leading method to move money internationally.
If you haven’t heard of this type of transfer, it means that you haven't had the chance to send money abroad yet.
In this case, this article will act as a guide for everything you need to know about telegraphic transfers, including a breakdown of what is a telegraphic transfer, how these transfers work, how to make a TT payment, and the advantages and disadvantages associated with this type of payment method for sending money abroad.
What is a Telegraphic Transfer?
A telegraphic transfer is a way to send money electronically between banks, where the start and the end of a transfer are in different countries.
Commonly, telegraphic transfer is abbreviated to just TT, TT payments, or TT transfers.
What makes a telegraphic transfer complicated is not so much the technical process behind each transfer, but the terminology used between countries to capture this type of international transfer.
Here are some other terms used instead of the term telegraphic transfer.
- SWIFT transfer or payment
- International bank transfer
- Telex transfers
- International money transfer (IMT) (common in Australia)
- International wire transfers
Although these terms are all ways to label moving money internationally, a telegraphic transfer is an overarching term for a facilitated transfer using the SWIFT network.
How does a Telegraphic Transfer work?
A clue to how a telegraphic transfer works are literally described in the name. The term telegraphic refers to information that is sent by telegram (in the old days) or by using telegraphy, which better aligns with how the modern-day process of sending and receiving a TT works.
When making a TT payment, no physical cash exchanges hands, but rather a concise set of instructions that details the parameters of a transfer is forwarded between sending and receiving banks.
How does a TT get processed?
In many instances, the instructions are sent using the SWIFT network. However, depending on where you’re sending money, other processing options for TT may be possible. Let's go through these types of processes.
What is the SWIFT Network?
The Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication or SWIFT network as it is commonly known is a membership network of banks and financial institutions that facilitate telegraphic transfers across the globe.
Only banks that are signatory members are able to use the SWIFT network to make international TT payments and benefit from the advantages associated with the SWIFT network.
Other processes to send a TT payment?
Some countries offer a secondary payment network to SWIFT to send a TT. Whether this other payment network is used will depend on if a transfer is being moved domestically, rather than internationally.
In Hong Kong, many TT transfers can also be processed using the Clearing House Automated Transfer System or CHATS payment network. This system is also known as the Hong Kong dollar Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS). This means transfers denominated in HKD, will be settled continuously and get processed individually.
Hong Kong banks also offer transfers in other major currencies to utilize this domestic network upon membership.
CHATS payments are the most common payment network used for TT payments in Hong Kong and are faster and in some cases cheaper than using the SWIFT network for domestic transfers in other currencies.
Statrys is a financial institution that offers customers the ability to utilize the CHATS network for domestic transfers in several currencies.
How do you make a Telegraphic Transfer?
The procedure to make a telegraphic transfer can vary between countries, banks, and financial institutions.
Despite these variances, here are some common steps and considerations that you’ll need to take when you go to make a telegraphic transfer.
1. Most banks have the ability to make telegraphic transfers online or through a branch, but on rare occasions, some do not. So always check with your bank first if this type of transfer is possible. If it is not possible, research another financial provider that can complete this transfer for you.
2. If your bank allows it, ask if a telegraphic transfer can be set up and completed online or whether you must visit a branch in person. Remember, the term used to label these transfers vary between countries and banks, so be specific that you are looking to transfer money overseas.
3. Some details you will need to have ready to provide to your bank or input online include common details such as the full name, bank account details or IBAN number, and a SWIFT/BIC code of who you want to send money. In some cases, you’ll need to also provide the receiving bank's address and the personal address of your beneficiary.
4. Telegraphic transfers do incur fees, so be prepared to pay for handling fees from your bank, foreign currency commissions, and unforeseen intermediary bank transfer fees that may be incurred along the transfer path to your destination account.
It is always recommended to consult with your bank about what to expect before you set up your first transfer to save you from any surprises. This includes asking questions about the fees, processing times, and exchange rates.
What are the fees involved with Telegraphic Transfer?
You may have noticed that paying fees for TT is inevitable, especially when utilizing the SWIFT network for sending money overseas. Average fees for sending an overseas transfer with SWIFT can range from $10 to $30 USD.
This also may not include any extra handling fees if a transfer goes through other correspondent banks en route to its destination.
For domestic rates, it can range by financial provider starting from $0 upwards.
Always check with your bank or financial institution for up-to-date fees on transfers.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of Telegraphic Transfers?
When you need to make a telegraphic transfer, you will be playing by two sets of rules, those of your bank and the SWIFT network policies. This is where the advantages and disadvantages are derived from. Let’s look at some of the top ones here for each side.
Statrys as an alternative
Sending and receiving money electronically has become the new norm. Telegraphic transfers are an innovative, effective and secure way to move money electronically to other overseas banks and accounts, given that they are a part of the SWIFT network.
Luckily, there are a number of Payment services available to help you send money overseas, like Statrys. Statrys is a modern alternative to traditional business banking in Hong Kong. With a Statrys business account, businesses can send and receive money in 11 currencies—including USD, Euros, GBP, and HKD—all from one account.
What is telegraphic transfer?
Is telegraphic transfer same as bank transfer?
How long does it take for a telegraphic transfer?
What are the disadvantages of telegraphic transfer?
What are the advantages of telegraphic transfer?
How much is telegraphic transfer fee?